Short essay on inventors and inventions
Inventors and inventions by Chris Woodford. Have you ever dreamed of short essay on inventors and inventions a great inventor—of having oon fantastically clever idea that changes society for the better and makes you rich in the process? The history of technology is, in many ways, a story of great inventors and their brilliant inventions. Think of Thomas Edison and the light bulbHenry Ford and the mass-produced car, or, more recently, Tim Berners-Lee and the World Wide Web.
Inventing isn't just about coming up with a great idea; that's the easy part! There's also the matter of turning an idea into a product that sells enough to recoup the cost please click for source putting it on the market. And there's the ever-present problem of stopping other people from copying and profiting from your ideas.
Down on and short inventions inventors essay the differences
Inventing is a difficult and often exhausting life; many inventors have died penniless and disappointed after struggling for decades with ideas they couldn't make work. Today, many lone inventors find they can no longer compete and most inventions are now developed by giant, powerful corporations.
So, are inventors in danger of going extinct? Or will society always have a place for brave new ideas and stunning new inventions? Let's take a closer look and find out! The wheel invetors probably the greatest invention of all time, used in everything from cars and planes to wind turbines and computer hard drives. Even so, no-one knows who invented it or when. Thomas Edison's original patent for the electric lamp, granted in January This wasn't the first electric light, but it was the first really practical and commercially successful one.
Courtesy of US Patent and Trademark Office. That sounds like a short essay on inventors and inventions question, but invetnors worth pausing a moment to consider what "invention" really means. In one of my dictionaries, it says an inventor is someone who comes up with an idea for the first time. In another, an inventor is described as a person of "unique intuition or genius" who devises an original product, process, or machine.
Dictionary definitions like these are badly out of date—and probably always have been. Since at least the time of Thomas Edison the mid-to-late 19th centuryinvention has been as much about manufacturing and marketing inventions successfully as about having great ideas in the first place. Some of the most famous inventors in history turn out, on closer inspection, not to have originated ideas but to have developed existing ones and made them stunningly successful.
Edison himself didn't invent electric light, but he did develop the first commercially successful, long-lasting electric light bulb. By creating a huge market for this product, he created a similarly huge demand for knventions he was busily generating in the world's first power plants.
- As newer, smaller electronic components were developed, computers became smaller too.
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In much the same way, Italian inventor Guglielmo Marconi can't really be described as the inventor of radio. Other people, including German Heinrich Hertz and Englishman Oliver Lodge, had already successfully click to see more the science behind it and sent the first radio messages. What Marconi did was to turn radio into a much more practical technology and sell it to the world through bold and daring demonstrations.
Short and essay inventions on inventors your paper
These days, we'd call him an entrepreneur—a self-starting businessperson who has the drive and determination to turn a great idea into a stunning commercial success. Guglielmo Marconi didn't so much "invent" radio as make it practical and popular. Photo courtesy of US Library of Congress.
It's important not to underestimate the commercial side of inventing. It takes a lot of money to develop an invention, manufacture it, market it successfully, and protect it with patents. In our gadget-packed homes and workplaces, modern inventions seldom do completely original jobs. More often, they have to compete with and replace some existing gadget or invention to which we've already become attached and accustomed.
When James Dyson launched his shorh cyclone vacuum cleanerthe problem he faced was convincing people that it was better than than the old-fashioned vacuums they had already. Why should they spend a fortune buying a new machine when the one they had already was perfectly sssay Successful inventions have to dislodge existing ones, both from our minds which often find it hard shrt imagine new ways of doing things and from their hold on the marketplace which they may have dominated for years or decades. That's another reason why inventing is so difficult and expensive—and another reason why it's increasingly the province of giant corporations with plenty of time and money to spend.
How and why do people invent things? According to the well-known saying, "necessity is the mother of invention"; in other words, people invent things because society has difficult problems that need solving. There's some truth in this, though less than you might suppose. It would be more accurate to say that inventions succeed when they do useful jobs that people recognize need doing. Where, then, do inventions come from and why do people invent them?
Thomas Edison's original patent for the electric lamp, granted in January Since at least the time of Thomas Edison the mid-to-late 19th centuryinvention has been as much about manufacturing and marketing inventions successfully as about having great ideas in the first place. Cyrus McCormick's reaper was five times more efficient than hand harvesting wheat, but at first farmers looked upon the invention as a novelty. How and why do people invent things? That's another reason why inventing is so difficult and expensive—and another reason why it's increasingly the province of giant corporations with plenty of time and money to spend. You can comb your way through thousands of years of historyfrom the abacus to the iPhone, and find not a single person who could indisputably be credited as the sole inventor of the computer.
The discovery of how DNA worked revolutionized crime-fighting and forensic science inventoins will have huge impacts on medical science and technology in the future. Picture of a DNA double helix based on an artwork courtesy of US National Library of Medicine. Some inventions appear because of scientific breakthroughs. DNA fingerprinting the process by which detectives take human samples at crime scenes and use them to identify criminals is one good example. It only became possible after the midth century when scientists understood what DNA was and how it worked: The same is true of many other inventions.
Marconi's technological development of radio followed on directly from the scientific work done by Lodge, Hertz, James Clerk Maxwell, Michael Faraday, and numerous other scientists who fathomed out the mysteries of electricity and magnetism during the 19th century. Generally, scientists are more interested in advancing human knowledge than in commercializing their discoveries; it takes a determined entrepreneur like Marconi or Edison to recognize the wider, social value of an idea—and turn theoretical science into practical technology.
Trial and error But it would be very wrong to suggest that inventions practical technologies always follow on from scientific discoveries often abstract, impractical theories. Many of the world's greatest inventors lacked any scientific training and perfected their ideas through trial and error.
The scientific reasons why their inventions succeeded invnetions failed were only discovered long afterward.
Inventors on and short essay inventions are occasions
Engines which are machines that burn fuel to release heat energy that can make something move are a good example of this. The first engines, powered by steamwere developed entirely by trial and error in the 18th century by such people as Thomas Newcomen and James Watt. The scientific theory of how these engines worked, and how they could be improved, was only figured out about a century later by Frenchman Nicolas Sadi Carnot.
Steam engines weren't developed scientifically: As Nicolas Sadi Carnot later pointed out, they could be extremely inefficient machines—which meant they used a huge amount of fuel coal to power themselves. But that didn't matter in an age where coal was relatively cheap and abundant and people cared less about pollution. Inventions that evolve Some inventions are never really invented at all—they have no single inventor.
You can comb short essay on inventors and inventions way through thousands of years of historyfrom the abacus to the iPhone, and find not a single person who could indisputably be credited as the sole inventor of the computer. That's because computers are inventions that have evolved over time. People have needed to calculate things for as long as they've traded with one another, but the way we've done this has constantly changed.
Mechanical calculators based on levers and gears gave way to electronic calculators in the early decades of the 20th century. As newer, smaller electronic components were developed, computers became smaller too. Now, many of us own cellphones that double-up as pocket computers, but there's no single person we can thank for it. Cars evolved in much the same way. You could thank Henry Ford for making them popular and affordable, Karl Benz short essay on inventors and inventions putting gasoline engines on carts to make motorized carriages, or Nikolaus Otto for inventing modern engines in the first place—but the idea of vehicles running on wheels is thousands of years old and its original inventor or inventors has long since disappeared in time.
George de Mestral chanced on the idea of a clothing fastener entirely by accident. Here's a drawing from his invention US Patent 3, Separable fastening device filedgranted courtesy of US Patent and Trademark Office. Some inventions happen through pure luck. When Short essay on inventors and inventions inventor George De Mestral was walking through the countryside, he noticed how burrs from plants stuck to his clothes and were hard to pull away.
Another inventor who got lucky was Percy Spencer. He was experimenting with a device called a magnetronwhich turns electricity into microwave radiation for radar detectors used for direction-finding in ships and planeswhen he noticed that a chocolate bar in his pocket had started to melt. Inventiobs realized the microwave radiation was generating heat that was cooking and melting the food—and that gave him the idea for the microwave oven. Its amazing nonstick properties were only discovered and put to use later.
All these inventions, and numerous others, were chance discoveries produced by accidents or mistakes. The Teflon coating that makes this frying pan nonstick was another accidental invention. But a modern company can't survive and thrive on one great idea alone. That's why so many companies have huge research and development laboratories where here scientists and engineers are constantly trying to come up with better ideas than the ones on which their original success was founded.
As marketing genius Theodore Levitt pointed out in the s, visionary companies need the courage to try to put themselves out of business by coming up with invemtors products that make their existing ones obsolete; companies that rest on their laurels will be put out of business by their inventive competitors.
This kind of corporate invention—companies trying to out-invent themselves and one another—is very much the way the world works now. The world of corporate invention Photo: Inventors have to start somewhere: The Apple ][ computer made Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak rich and famous, but they started their lives making and selling their original Apple I in a garage belonging to Jobs' parents.
There are probably more people trying to invent things now than at any time in history, but relatively few of them are lone geniuses struggling short essay on inventors and inventions in home workshops and garages. There will always be room for lucky individuals who have great ideas and get rich by turning them into world-beating products. But the odds are stacked increasingly against them. It's unlikely you'll get anywhere tinkering away in your garage trying to invent a personal computer that will change the world, the way Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs did back in the mids when they put together the first Apple Computer.
To do that, you'd have to set yourself up in competition with—guess who—Apple Computer which became the world's richest company instaffed with legions of brilliantly creative scientists, engineers, and designers, and with billions of dollars to spend on research and development. Really prolific inventors might file a few dozen patent applications during their lifetime, if they're lucky; but the world's most inventive company, Short essay on inventors and inventions, files several thousand patents every single year.
Companies like IBM have to keep on inventing to keep themselves in business: Nylon—the power behind your toothbrush: Could anyone develop such a fantastic material tinkering away in a garage? In our sophisticated 21st-century world, it takes well-funded corporate research labs to come up with amazing new chemical materials like this.
- It was the start of the concept of mass production.
- At that point, society as a whole benefits because the idea behind the invention effectively becomes public property we say it enters the "public domain".
- Opportunity address everyone list short essay on rabbit in hindi and you feedback on work from a close focus on the topic and subject of the essay.
Read how it was developed by Wallace Carothers for DuPont in our article on nylon.