Short essay on health and sanitation


Sanitation is the hygienic means of preventing human contact from the hazards of wastes to promote health. Hazards can be physical, microbiological, biological or chemical agents of disease.

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Wastes that can cause health problems are human and helath short essay on health and sanitation, solid wastes, domestic wastewater sewage, urine, sullage. Hygienic means of prevention can be by using engineering solutions e. The term "sanitation" can be applied to a specific aspect, concept, location, or strategy, such as: Basic sanitation - refers to the management of human feces at the household level.

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This terminology is the indicator used to describe the shorrt of the Millennium Development Goal on sanitation. On-site sanitation - the collection and treatment of waste is done where it is deposited. Examples are the use of pit latrines, septic tanks, and imhoff tanks.

Short essay on health and sanitation

Food sanitation - refers to the hygienic measures for ensuring food safety. Environmental sanitation - the control o environmental factors that form links in disease transmission.

Annd of this category are solid waste management, water and wastewater treatment, industrial waste treatment and noise and pollution control. Ecological sanitation - a concept and an approach of recycling to nature the nutrients from human and animal wastes. The standard ssanitation technology in urban areas is the collection of wastewater in sewers, its treatment in wastewater treatment plants for reuse or disposal in rivers, lakes or the sea.

Basic Food Safety: Chapter 2 "Health and Hygiene" (English)

Just think how much risk you are taking, you are simply playing with your health. That sounds like a robot, your audience will not connect with it. Personal Hygiene Cleanliness, water, food these are most important things which fall under personal hygiene. A proper hygiene is a sign of good health. So, it is important to cultivate hygienic habits which in turn will lead to good health. It is caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis and is the world's leading cause of preventable blindness [22]. The sanitary department has to see, short essay on health and sanitation, that a town is properly drained.

Sewers are either combined with storm drains or separated from them as sanitary sewers. Combined sewers are usually found in the central, older parts or urban areas. Heavy rainfall and inadequate sanitatiin can lead to combined sewer overflows or sanitary sewer overflows, i. Industries often discharge wastewater into municipal sewers, which can complicate wastewater treatment unless industries short essay on health and sanitation their discharges.

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The high investment cost of conventional wastewater collection systems are difficult to afford for many developing countries. Some countries have therefore promoted alternative wastewater collection systems such as condominial sewerage, which uses smaller diameter pipes at lower depth with different network layouts from conventional sewerage.

Short essay on health and sanitation

The earliest evidence of amd sanitation was seen in Harappa, Mohenjo-daro and the recently discovered Rakhigarhi of Indus Valley civilization. This urban plan included the world's first urban sanitation systems. Within the city, individual homes or groups of homes obtained water from wells.

Short essay on health and sanitation, the well-honed epidemiology and surveillance skills of health professionals must also now be applied to sanitation to establish clear links between national health information systems and short essay on health and sanitation planning and financing, which has historically been separate from health in most countries. Or else at least try speech in front see more the mirror. Food sanitation - refers to essaay hygienic measures for ensuring food safety. In densely populated low-income urban areas, community-managed sanitation blocks, used only by community members who pay a monthly fee for operation and maintenance, are an option [60]. Successful Approaches to Sanitation Recently, there has been a shift away from centrally planned provision of infrastructure towards demand-led approaches that create and serve people's motivation shhort improve their own sanitation. The Role of the Health Sector in Improving Sanitation Sanitation promotion is one of the most important roles the health sector can have in environmental health planning, because behaviours must be changed to increase householders' demand for and sustained use of sanitation, especially in rural areas where the pressure for change is lower. Many of these diseases have a faeco-oral transmission pathway. Finally, sanitation is not an inherently attractive or photogenic subject.

From a room that appears to have been set aside for bathing, waste water was directed to covered drains, which lined the major streets. Houses opened only to inner courtyards and smaller lanes. Sanitatiob conditions and overcrowding were widespread throughout Europe and Asia during the Middle Ages, resulting periodically in cataclysmic pandemics such as the Plague of Justinian and the Black Deathwhich killed tens of millions of people and radically altered societies.

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Very high infant and child mortality prevailed in Europe throughout medieval times, due not only to deficiencies in sanitation but to insufficient food for a population which had expanded faster than agriculture. This was further complicated by frequent warfare and exploitation of civilians by brutal rulers. Life for the average person at this time was indeed 'nasty, brutish and short.


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    Guktilar 30.03.2017 in 16:27

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    Grolkree 03.04.2017 in 01:14

    It is rather valuable phrase

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    Tagor 09.04.2017 in 11:32

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