Cari Bennette How to Write a Good Conclusion for a Research Paper Many students dread writing the conclusion paragraphs for their research papers. What is convlusion the point of a conclusion paragraph anyway. Well, you should feel comforted that there are easy ways to succeed in writing up the conclusion paragraph to your research paper. Idea of a Research Paper Conclusion Before you can write an effective conclusion paragraph, you need to understand its purpose. A conclusion is your last chance to impress your ideas upon the reader. Thus, you do not want to introduce any new ideas, but rather recap everything throughout the rest of your piece of writing.
Now, this is where most students worry about redundancy. Instead of rewriting the points exactly as you have before, you want to shorten them up by taking the main ideas of the whole paper and turning them into concise sentences that get conclusiob to the point. The conclusion is the exact opposite of that, so you can use your introduction paragraph as somewhat of a template.
In the conclusion, start narrow by first restating your thesis in different words than in your introduction and showing how you proved it. Then, work on broadening your conclusion to the outer world. Your conclusion should also make an attempt to address the significance of your topic. In the conclusion, attempt to answer this question: Difference Between Synthesizing and Summarizing In your exampples, you want to synthesize the information in your paper, not simply summarize it. Your readers already looked through your piece of writing and know what it says. To synthesize effectively, you need to show your readers how everything you put in your research paper fits together to create a cohesive whole.
You can think of your paper like a recipe. To bake a cake, you first have all of the ingredients stand on their own. However, once you combine them all together, you have created something new. What did you create when you put all of your ideas and evidence down onto paper.
Your dissertation's discussion should tell a story, read more experts. What do your data say. By Beth Azar You've conducted your research, analyzed your findings and written your results. You're tired and the last thing you want to do is keep writing. Yet, arguably the most difficult part of writing your dissertation awaits: This is not the time to hurry through just because the end is in sight, say experts and students alike. Rather, it's the time to pull back and take a fresh look at your work.
And while the discussion should put your research into context and tell a story, say experts, it should not overstate your conclusions. How do you examples of findings in a research paper the balance. Follow these do's and don'ts. Provide context and explain why people should care. Simply rehash your results. Your discussion should begin with a cogent, one-paragraph summary of the study's key findings, but then go beyond that to put the findings into context, says Stephen Hinshaw, PhD, chair of the psychology department at the University of California, Berkeley.
That means going back to the literature and grappling with what your findings mean, including how they fit in with previous work. If your results differ from others' findings, you should try to explain why, says Nolen-Hoeksema. Then, launch into "bigger picture" issues. For example, a clinical study might discuss how psychologists might apply the findings in a clinical setting or a social psychology project might talk about political implications.
Restate Paper's Principal Topic At this point, the topic does not need to be explained in excessive detail. The reader is already familiar with the topic. Restate Principal Arguments This aspect of the conclusion should essentially a repeat of the thesis statement that was included in the original introduction, most likely at the end of the opening paragraph. What is the primary idea the writer is attempting to convey to the reader. This idea should be clearly stated in the conclusion.
The conclusion to a research paper should revisit the core arguments offered by opposing points of view with a brief explanation of why the writer considers these arguments to be mistaken. Once again, it is important to focused and concise. The writer is not rewriting their paper in the conclusion, but only summarizing its this web page parts. Future Research A good rule of thumb for scholars is to remember that there is rarely any such thing as a settled argument when it comes to intellectual debates.
The writer might include a reference to additional questions they encountered while writing the paper or conducting the research. There might also example of conclusion in a research paper mention of aspects of the research and related questions that the writer feels the paper did not address effectively. This is one of many, example of conclusion in a research paper issues that are controversial among historians and political scientists.
Poorly Constructed Conclusion Example The United States finally withdrew all of its troops from Vietnam in This was an important event for the antiwar movement and for the American people. The withdrawal occurred amidst the growing Watergate scandal, and served as one more indication of the failure of the Nixon presidency. The end of American involvement in Vietnam represented the culmination of the dedication given to their cause by the great many antiwar activists who participated in the movement. It further represented a definitive moment in the generational conflict between young American and their elders that emerged during the s as American participation in the war escalated.
This victory and the conflict from which it emerged would continue to shape American society and politics in the ensuing decades as conservative forces regrouped, and went on the offensive, resulting in the Reagan Revolution of the s. Notice that the above paragraph simply states an opinion. It is not clear from this paragraph what the topic of the paper or its central thesis actually is. Nor is it clear how a thesis is supported by research and argument in the body of the paper.
The paragraph conveys the impression that the debate concerning the issues involved is settled, and that there are no further ideas or questions that need to be addressed. Lastly, the paragraph ends very abruptly and leaves the reader with the feeling that the paper is incomplete.
An Properly Constructed Conclusion Example Basic Features of a Conclusion For four decades, historians and political scientists have debated the degree to which the anti-Vietnam War movement was the catalyst that ultimately brought about the withdrawal of the United States from Vietnam in The highly visible and vocal antiwar movement of the period reflected this growing popular antiwar sentiment. It has been argued that the militancy of many within the antiwar movement had an alienating effect on the wider body of the American public that actually diminished antiwar sentiment, and postponed the end of American involvement.
However, research indicates the intensification of antiwar feelings among Americans actually expanded during precisely the time that the antiwar movement was taking a more militant turn.
You are required to write at least one research paper in a semester for the majority of the subjects. Do not underestimate research projects, as they demand a huge effort and a lot of time from you. Nevertheless, do not let your research paper assignment give you anxiety and influence your overall studies. To minimize worries and inconsistencies while working on the research paper you must be sure in your research paper topic. There are times when you are assigned with the topic but more frequently, you will have to create a topic by yourself. The whole research should be built around or from the topic.
In order to choose an interesting topic, which pwper demonstrate your best rwsearch, you should keep reading. How to select the best research paper topic. When choosing your research paper topic, you need to make sure it is neither boring nor worn out. An interesting innovative topic will intrigue the readers and motivate them to read your whole research. But if you don't now how to create a topic on your own, use help of writers in topic creation. There are some things to consider when selecting an appropriate topic: The field of your interest There is no secret that you will not be able to write a good insightful research paper if you are not interested in the subject overall and in the topic in particular.
If on the other hand the topic is linked to the field of your interest, you may consider yourself lucky. It would be easier to explore the theme and write about it. You may even find some additional resources on your computer or I cloud service for the topic, which excites you. If you enjoy science, you are sure to talk non-stop about it.
Argumentative Strategies of Dan Quayle and Lloyd Bentsen: A Critical Analysis of Vice-Presidential Debates This sentence begins the amazing research paper you will turn in to Dr. Moore who will no doubt be so overwhelmed with its excellence that he will ask you to submit it for publication. If your paper is long you may divide it into sections for example, "Literature Review," "Research Method and Results," and "Discussion". In some cases, you may divide one or more of those sections into other sections for example, you might divide the second section listed above into "Participants," "Interview Protocol," and "Caveats".
Your purpose would be to improve clarity. Divisions might help a reader better follow a discussion that extends for twenty-five written pages. Consistently using the same style of heading for each level informs the reader whether the upcoming topic is a subtopic of the previous discussion or another central issue.
Select a form for each level of division for example, you might write Level 1 centered, caps and lower case; Level 2 flush left, lower case only, etc. Regardless of the system you choose, the title on the title page should conform to MLA standards. All margins should measure one inch. Page numbers will appear within the top margin, but no other text should extend past the one-inch margins. Indent five spaces to begin paragraphs. Double-space the text of your paper. Number all pages of your paper in the upper right corner, one-half inch from the top.
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Choosing Your Topic 1 Ask yourself important questions. Although you may be limited by specific classroom or work related rresearch, choosing your topic is the first and most important step in your research paper project. Regardless of whether your topic can be anything you want or has rigid requirements, it is important to keep a few questions in mind: Is there enough research available on this topic. Is the topic new and unique enough that I can offer fresh opinions.
Whenever possible, choose a topic that you feel passionate about. Writing about something you enjoy certainly shows in the final product, making it more likely that you will be successful writing a paper about something you enjoy. If you are writing a research researchh for a class, consider the other students.
Is it likely that they will also repotr writing about your topic. How can you keep your paper unique and interesting if everyone is writing about the same thing. Asking a professor for help may repoft frightening, but if they are worth anything as a professor, they want you to be successful with your work, and will do what they can to make that happen.
Although it requires a bit more time, you have the ability to change your topic even after you begin researching others. Method Researching 1 Begin your research. With a topic selected, the next step is to begin research. Research comes in numerous forms including web desearch, journal articles, books, encyclopedias, interviews, and blog posts, among others. Take time to look for professional resources who offer valid research and insight into your topic.
In theory, this is the easiest part to write, because it is a straightforward commentary of exactly what you observed and found. Writing a Results Section Too Much Information. The results section is not for interpreting the results in any way; that belongs strictly in the discussion section. You should aim to narrate your findings without trying to interpret or evaluate them, other than to provide a link to the discussion section. For example, you may have noticed an unusual correlation between two variables during the analysis of your results.
It is correct to point this out in the results section. Speculating why this correlation is happening, and postulating about what may be happening, belongs in the discussion section. It is very easy to put too much information into the results section and obscure your findings underneath reams of irrelevance.
If you make a table of your findings, you do not need to insert a graph highlighting the same data. If you have a source of results, refer to it in the text, but do not repeat the figures - duplicate information will be penalized. One common way of getting around this is to be less specific in the text. For example, if the result in table one shows Table One shows that almost a quarter of…. Tips for Writing a Results Section Perhaps the best way to use the results section is to show the most relevant information in the graphs, figures and tables.
The text, conversely, is used to direct the reader to those, also clarifying any unclear points. The text should also act as a link to the discussion section, highlighting any correlations and findings and leaving plenty of open questions. For most research paper formatsthere are two ways of presenting and organizing the results. The first method is to present the results and add a short discussion explaining them at the end, before leading into the discussion proper. This is very common where the research paper is straightforward, and provides continuity.
The other way is to present a section and then discuss it, before presenting the next section with a short discussion. This is common in longer papers, and your discussion part of the paper will generally follow the same structure.
He is the first African American to take office and with his presidency he promised to make changes to America that would liberate the American people from crisis into a bright new beginning. Throughout his first year as president Obama has enacted many policies and regulations such as the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act, Recovery and Reinvestment Act, and Health Care Bill. However, has Obama stayed true to his original promises stated throughout his campaigns, in his Inauguration speech, as well as his first State of Union speech.
The Rise of Barrack Obama Obama was born on August 4, in Honolulu Hawaii to parents Ann Dunham and Barack Obama Sr. His parents later separated and divorced when he was only two years of age. His mother remarried in to Lolo Soetoro from Indonesia and later the family moved to Jakarta, Indonesia. Even as a child Obama had dreams of one day ruling the white house. He was enrolled at the prestigious Puhahou Academy where his excelled in basketball and academics. Obama struggled with the reality of racism and absence of his father throughout high school, but did not allow these confrontations to affect his academics.
Obama graduated and left for Occidental college for two years and then transferred to Columbia University in New York. He graduated from Harvard in and returned to Chicago where he became a civil rights lawyer for the Miner, Barnhill and Galland firm, and taught at the University of Chicago Law School. Obama and Michelle were married on October 3, and had two daughters: Obama tried to run for a seat in the U. House of Here inbut did not get elected. Inhe created a campaign committee to help him raise money to run for U.
Obama won the race against Alan Keyes and became the 3rd African American U. Senator since the Reconstruction era. During his term as U. He also published his second book in OctoberThe Audacity of Hope: The novel was the top seller of New York Times and Amazon. After a tight battle between Hilary Clinton and Obama he became the Democratic party nominee for the presidency. Obama defeated John McCain on November 4th, with a On January 20, he officially fulfilled his childhood dream and became President of the United States, making his home to the Pennsylvania Avenue.
The old rules said that if there was a defensible argument for not disclosing something to the American people, then it should not be disclosed. This policy strengthens his domestic relationship with citizens because people will not be kept ill-informed of where their taxes are going or regulations made by the government.
Before the bill, workers were only given six months to file a lawsuit. Scientist can now openly discuss and experiment with the possibilities of stem cell research.