Abstract The abstract starts on the next page, page 2. The text starts at the top, left flushed, double-spaced. Abstract [Abstract here] Body Text The body text starts on the next page, page 3. Infant feeding practices refer generally to meet the nutritional and immunological needs of the baby. A study of infant feeding practices was carried out on a sample of mother and infant pairs.
Employed mothers tend to cease from breastfeeding their babies and eventually stop and just resort to formula feeding as they go back to work. The study also showed that mothers who are married and living with their partners are more likely to breastfeed their infants than single mothers. Those with higher educational attainment resort more to formula feeding and mixed feeding than those with lower educational attainment.
Health care professionals influence mothers the most when it comes to infant feeding decisions. Methodology Type of Research The type of research that will be used in this study is qualitative research and quantitative research. Qualitative researchers aim to gather an in-depth understanding of human behavior and the reasons that govern such behavior. Besides this, the researcher will also examine the phenomenon through observations in numerical representations and through statistical analysis. Along with questionnaires that will be given out to respondents for the statistical representation of the findings in the study, interviews with the respondents and a few experts in this field will also be conducted.
Sampling Method The research sampling method that will be used in this study is off a bad debt in sampling to obtain a more scientific result that could be used to represent the entirety of the population. From 20 barangays, 3 will be picked through random sampling. The health care facilities and institutions in these three barangays will then be the target sources of respondents of the researcher.
The health care facilities and institutions will be contacted to obtain a verbal consent exampke administer the questionnaire to mothers at their places. A letter of consent will also be sent to them along with a sample copy of the questionnaire that will be used, as well as the protocol of the researcher.
The study also looks at whether physical attractiveness leads to a better life. Through factors of attractiveness including gender, body size and age, it is apparent that physical attractiveness affects success in three areas of life- popularity, perceptions of performance and social interaction.
When looking at studies about physical attractiveness, researchers often focus on gender, body size and age as three common factors. We will first discuss these three different factors to understand what researchers look at when considering physical attractiveness. Later, we will explore the effects that physical attractiveness has on success, specifically in three categories of life that were commonly found within our eight studies. Physical appearance according to Dion et al. In the studies we viewed, the outcomes of males and females often differed because of gender.
This reveals that the effects of physical attractiveness differ between the genders. Body Size Body size plays a major role in physical attractiveness. A study concerning obese individuals focuses fully on the effect body size has on feelings of loneliness Schumaker et al.
They found that reseach size affected overall sexual experiences including dating and intercourse. Since age naturally affects physical appearance, Perlini et al. Participants in this study viewed pictures of both attractive and unattractive older and younger individuals. From these photographs, they judged the social desirability of each person. The study found that it was less socially desirable to be younger and unattractive than to be older and unattractive.
Research paper introduction example: Academic writing insight 01 Mar How to write introductory paragraph for research paper The writing of the research paper is a multi-aspect process. Papper this type of academic assignment consists of several parts. If you fail to complete one of the levels, you will fail the whole paper. Introduction is not a literal beginning As you know, the gopd part is just to begin the paper. And what should do student at the beginning. Not writing an outline.
And not working on the introduction. He should make a massive research on his topic. You cannot start writing an introduction without having a personal view on the issue that you are going to study. You have to prepare for introduction writing though analyzing facts available online and making notes. Why do we rxample an introduction. The key aim of introduction is to introduce to the reader the purpose of your research.
Just imagine any academic writing starting from the main body section. You cannot pour on the reader your evidence, ideas, arguments without explanation of what are you writing about. In the introduction, you must clearly indicate the hypothesis you want to prove or deny. You must explain the necessity of your research, its urgency and significance for your study and, finally, hook readers to continue reading it. What information can I get from my search for the introduction. It depends on the discipline you are writing the research paper on.
If your field of studies is Humanities, it is likely that you can find a relevant quote, aphorism, anecdote to introduce your topic to the reader. In case you study tech, social, medical sciences quotes are irrelevant. More precise and specific facts will fit such introduction. There is a general rule for all specialties too. You must find a fact that will intrigue a reader.
Scientific Papers Scientific papers are for sharing your own original research work with other scientists or for reviewing the research conducted by others. As papef, they are critical to the evolution of modern science, in which the work of one scientist builds upon that of others. To reach their goal, papers must exaample to inform, not impress. They must be highly readable — that is, clear, accurate, and concise. They are more likely to be cited by other scientists if they are helpful rather than cryptic or self-centered.
Scientific papers typically have two audiences: To be accepted by referees and cited by readers, papers must do more than simply present a chronological account of the research work. Rather, rsearch must convince their audience that the research presented is important, valid, and relevant to other scientists wxample the same field. To this end, they must emphasize both the motivation for the work and the outcome of it, and they must include just enough evidence to establish the validity of this outcome.
Papers that report experimental work are often structured chronologically in five sections: The Introduction section clarifies the motivation for the work presented and prepares readers for the structure of the paper. The Materials and Methods section provides sufficient detail for other scientists to reproduce the experiments presented in the paper. In some journals, this information is placed in an appendix, because it is not what most readers want to know first. The Results and Discussion sections present and discuss the research results, respectively.
They are often usefully combined into one section, however, because readers can seldom make sense of results alone without accompanying interpretation — they need to be told what the results mean. The Conclusion section presents the outcome of the work by interpreting the findings at a higher level of abstraction than the Discussion and by relating these findings to the motivation stated in the Introduction. Papers reporting something other than experiments, such as a new method or technology, typically have different sections in their body, but they include the same Introduction and Conclusion sections as described above.
Although the above structure reflects the progression of most research projects, effective papers typically break the chronology in at least three ways to present their content in the order in which the audience will most likely want to read it. First and foremost, they summarize the motivation for, and the outcome of, the work in an abstract, located before the Introduction.
In a sense, they reveal the beginning and end of the story — briefly — before providing the full story. Second, they move the more detailed, less important parts of the body to the end of the paper in one or more appendices so that these parts do not stand in the readers' way. Finally, they structure the content in the body in theorem-proof fashion, stating first what readers must remember for example, as the first sentence of a paragraph and then presenting evidence to support this statement. The introduction The introduction reproduced here exhibits the four components that readers find useful as they begin to read a paper.
In the Introduction section, state the motivation for the work presented in your paper and prepare readers for the structure of the paper. Write four components, probably but not necessarily in four paragraphs: First, provide some context to orient those readers who are less familiar with your topic and to establish the importance of your work. Second, state the need for your work, as an opposition between what the scientific community currently has and what it wants.
Third, indicate what you have done in an effort to address the need this is the task.
References Title Page This page should contain four pieces: The rest of the pages should not include this in the page header. It should look like this on the title page: The title of the paper should capture the main idea of the essay but should not contain abbreviations or words that serve no purpose It should be centered on the page and typed in point Times New Roman font.
Do not underline, bold, or italicize the title. Your title may take up one examples of a apa style research paper two lines, but should not be more than 12 words in length. The institutional affiliation is the location where the author conducted the research Sample Title page: Abstract On the following page, begin with the Running title.
On the following line, write a summary of the key points of your research. Your abstract summary is a way to introduce readers to your research topic, the questions that will be answered, the process you took, and any findings or conclusions you drew. This summary should not be indented, but should be double-spaced and less than words. If applicable, help researchers find your work in databases by listing keywords from your paper after your summary. To do this, indent and type Keywords: Then list your keywords that stand out in your research.
On the following page, begin with the Body of the paper. Start with the Running title On the next line write the title do not bold, underline, or italicize the title Begin with the introduction. Read article introduction presents the problem and premise upon which the research was based. It goes into more detail about this problem than the abstract. Begin a new section with the Method.
Margins Except for the running head see belowleave margins of one inch at the top and bottom and on both sides of the text. Text Formatting Always choose an easily readable typeface e. Do not justify the lines of text at the right margin; turn off any automatic hyphenation feature in your writing program. Double-space the entire research paper, including quotations, notes, and the list of works cited.
Indent the first line of a paragraph half an inch from the left margin. Leave one space after a period or other concluding punctuation mark, unless your instructor prefers two spaces. Heading and Title A research paper does not need a title page. On a new, double-spaced line, center the title fig. Do not italicize or underline your title, put it in quotation marks or boldface, or type it in all capital letters.
Follow the rules for capitalization in the MLA Handbook 67—68and italicize only the words that you would italicize in the text. Begin your text on a new, double-spaced line after the title, indenting the first line of the paragraph half an inch from the left margin. If your teacher requires a title page, format it according to the instructions you are given. The top of the first page of a research paper. Running Head with Page Numbers Number all pages consecutively throughout the research paper in the upper right-hand corner, half an inch from the top and example of a mla research paper with the right margin.
Type your last name, followed by a space, before the page number fig. Do not use the abbreviation p. Your writing program will probably allow you to create a running head of this kind that appears automatically on every page. Some teachers prefer that no running head appear on the first page.
You may find opportunities to combine or eliminate potential paragraphs when outlining—first drafts often contain repetitive ideas or sections that stall, rather than advance, the paper's central argument. Additionally, if you are having trouble revising a paper, making an outline of each paragraph and its topic sentence after you have written your paper exa,ple be an effective way of identifying a paper's strengths and weaknesses.
Example Outline The following outline is for a page paper discussing the link between educational attainment and health. Review the other sections papper this page for more detailed information about each component of this outline. Educational attainment rates are decreasing in the United States while healthcare costs are increasing. Unskilled or low-skilled adult papper C. Because of their income deficit cite sources and general susceptibility to depression cite sourcesstudents who drop out of high school before graduation maintain a higher risk for physical and mental health problems later in life.
Unskilled laborers in the past were frequently unionized and adequately compensated for their work cite sources. Unskilled laborers ppaer the past were often provided adequate healthcare and benefits cite sources. Current Link between Education and Employment Type: Increasingly, uneducated workers work in unskilled or low-skilled jobs cite sources. Gaps in the Research: Conditions of employment affect workers' physical health. Unskilled work environments are correlated highly with worker injury cite sources. Eample work environments rarely provide healthcare or adequate injury recovery time cite sources.
Conditions of employment affect workers' mental health A. Employment in a low-skilled position is highly correlated with dangerous levels of stress cite sources. Stress is highly correlated with mental health issues cite sources. Mental health problems and physical health problems are highly correlated cite sources. Stress manifests itself in physical form cite sources VI. People with more financial worries have more stress and worse physical health. Many high-school dropouts face financial problems cite sources.
Students who drop out exajple high school are at a higher risk for both mental and physical health problems throughout their lives. Society needs educational advocates; educators need to be aware of this situation and strive for student retention in order to promote healthy lifestyles and warn students of the risks associated with dropping out of school. An introduction should begin with discussion of your specific topic not a broad continue reading overview and provide just enough context definitions of key terms, for example to prepare your readers for your thesis or purpose statement.
If the topic of your paper is the link between educational attainment and health, your introduction might do the following: The introduction prepares your reader for this statement, and the rest of the paper follows in support of it. Because of their income deficit Smith, and general susceptibility to depression Jones,students who drop out of high school before graduation maintain a higher risk for physical and mental health problems later in life.
Introduction Current theories focus on personal characteristics to explain wrong-doing and how someone can intentionally harm others. In the recent war trial with Adolph Eichmann, he claims to "only have been following orders". The author wanted to test whether this is true, or just a cheap explanation.
Can people harm others because they obey the orders. Are good-hearted people able to do this. The experiment will test whether a person can keep giving electric shocks to another person just because they are told to do so. The expectation is that very few will keep giving shocks, and that most persons will disobey the order. Methods Participants There were male 30 participants participating.
Instruments A "shock generator" was used to trick the participants into thinking that they gave shock to another person in another room. The shock generator had switches labeled with different voltages, starting at 30 volts and increasing in volt increments all the way up to volts. The switches were also labeled with terms which reminded the participant of how dangerous the shocks were.
Procedures The participant met another "participant" in the waiting room before the experiment. The other "participant" was an actor. Each participant got the role as a "teacher" who would then deliver a shock to the actor "learner" every time an incorrect answer was produced. The participant believed that he was delivering real shocks to the learner.
The learner was a confederate who would pretend to be shocked. As the experiment progressed, the teacher would hear the learner plead to be released and complain about a heart condition. Once the volt level had been reached, the learner banged on the wall and demanded to be released. Beyond this point, the learner became completely silent and refused to answer any more questions. The experimenter then instructed the participant to treat this silence as an incorrect response and deliver a further shock.
When asking the experimenter if they should stop, they were instructed to continue. Results Of the 40 participants in the study, 26 delivered the maximum shocks.