Check out public and university libraries, businesses, government agencies, as well as contact knowledgeable people in your community. Bookmark your favorite Internet sites. Printout, photocopy, and take notes of relevant information. As you gather your resources, jot down full bibliographical information author, title, place of publication, publisher, date of publication, page numbers, URLs, creation or modification dates on Web pages, and your date of access on your work sheet, printout, or enter the information on your laptop or desktop computer for later retrieval.
If printing from the Internet, it is wise to set up the browser to print the URL and date of access for every page. Remember that an article without bibliographical information is useless since you cannot cite its source. STATE YOUR THESIS Do some critical thinking and write your thesis statement down in one sentence. Your thesis statement is like a declaration of your belief.
The main portion of your essay will consist of arguments to support and defend this belief. MAKE A TENTATIVE OUTLINE All points must relate to the same major topic that you first mentioned in your capital Roman numeral. Example of an outline: BODY - Shakespeare's Early Life, Marriage, Works, Later Years A. Early life in Stratford 1. Life of Anne Hathaway b. Reference in Shakespeare's Poems B. Romeo and Juliet b.
Abstract The abstract starts on the next page, page 2. The text starts at the top, left flushed, double-spaced. Abstract [Abstract here] Body Text The body text read more on the next page, page 3. Infant feeding practices refer generally to meet the nutritional and link needs of the baby. A study of infant feeding practices was carried out on a sample of mother and infant pairs. Employed mothers tend to cease from breastfeeding their hih and eventually stop and just resort to formula feeding as they go back to work. The study also showed that mothers who are married and living with their partners are more likely to breastfeed their infants than single mothers.
Those with higher educational attainment resort more to formula feeding and mixed feeding than those with lower educational attainment. Health care professionals influence mothers the most when it comes to infant feeding decisions. Methodology Type of Research The type of research that will be used in this study is qualitative research and quantitative research. Qualitative researchers aim to gather an in-depth understanding of human behavior and the reasons that govern such behavior. Besides this, the researcher will also examine the if through observations in numerical representations and through statistical analysis.
Along with questionnaires that will be given out to respondents for the statistical representation of the findings in the study, interviews with the respondents and a few experts in this field will also be conducted. Sampling Method The research sampling method that will be used in this study is random sampling to obtain a more scientific result that could be used to represent the entirety of the population.
From 20 barangays, 3 will be picked through random sampling. The health care facilities and institutions in these three barangays will then be the target sources of respondents of the researcher.
Acknowledgements Definition The introduction leads the reader from a general subject area to a particular topic of inquiry. It establishes the scope, context, and significance of the research being conducted by summarizing current understanding and background information about the topic, stating the purpose of the work in the form of the research problem supported by a hypothesis or a set of questions, explaining briefly the methodological approach used to examine the research problem, highlighting the potential outcomes your study can reveal, and outlining the remaining structure and organization of the paper.
Key Elements of the Research Proposal. Prepared under the direction of the Superintendent and by the Curriculum Design and Writing Team. Baltimore County Public Schools. Importance of a Good Introduction Think of the introduction as a mental road map that must answer for the reader these four questions: What was I studying. Why was this topic important to investigate. What did we know about this topic before I did this study.
How will this study advance new knowledge or new ways of understanding. According to Reyes, there are three overarching goals of a good introduction: A well-written introduction is important because, quite simply, you never get a second example of introduction of a research paper to make a good first impression. The opening paragraphs of your paper will provide your readers with their initial impressions about the logic of your argument, your writing style, the overall quality of your research, and, ultimately, the validity of your findings and conclusions.
A vague, disorganized, or error-filled introduction will create a negative impression, whereas, a concise, engaging, and well-written introduction will lead your readers to think highly of your analytical skills, your writing style, and your research approach. All introductions should conclude with a brief paragraph that describes the organization of the rest of the paper. A Comparison between Brazilian, Portuguese, and English.
A Social Sciences Guide. Sage,pp. Demystifying the Journal Article. Structure and Writing Style I. Structure and Approach The introduction is the broad beginning of the paper that answers three important questions for the reader: Why should I read it.
Introduction Current theories focus on personal characteristics to explain wrong-doing and how someone can intentionally harm others. In the recent war trial with Adolph Eichmann, he claims to "only have been following orders". The author wanted to test whether this is true, or just a cheap explanation. Can people harm others because they obey the orders. Are good-hearted people able to do this. The experiment will test whether a person can keep giving electric shocks to another person just because they are told to do so.
The expectation is that "example of a research project paper" few will keep giving shocks, and that most persons will disobey the order. Methods Participants There were male 30 participants participating. Instruments A "shock generator" was used to trick the participants into thinking that they gave shock to another person in another room.
The shock generator had switches labeled with different voltages, starting at 30 volts and increasing in volt increments all the way up exakple volts. The switches were also labeled with terms which reminded the participant of how dangerous the shocks were. Procedures The participant met another "participant" in the waiting room before the experiment.
Projext other "participant" was an actor. Each projext got the role as a "teacher" who would then deliver a shock to the actor "learner" every time an incorrect answer was produced. The participant believed that he was delivering real shocks to the learner. The learner was a confederate who would pretend to be shocked.
As the experiment reeearch, the teacher would hear the learner plead to be released and complain about a heart condition. Once the volt level had been reached, the learner link on the wall and demanded to be released. Beyond this point, the learner became completely silent and refused to answer any more questions. The experimenter then instructed the participant to treat this silence as an incorrect response and deliver a further shock. When asking the experimenter if they should stop, they were instructed to continue.
Results Of the 40 participants in the study, 26 delivered the maximum shocks.
Acknowledgements Definition An abstract summarizes, usually in one paragraph of words or less, the major aspects of the entire paper in a prescribed sequence that includes: Importance of a Good Abstract Sometimes your professor will ask you to include an abstract, or general summary of your work, with your research paper. The abstract allows you to elaborate upon each major aspect of the paper and helps readers decide whether they want to read the rest of the paper. Therefore, enough key information [e. How do you know when you have enough information in your abstract.
A simple rule-of-thumb is to imagine that you are another researcher doing a similar study. Does it tell the whole story about your study. If the answer is "no" then the abstract likely needs to be revised. How to Write a Research Abstract. Office of Undergraduate Research. University of Kentucky; Staiger, David L. Abstracts and the Writing of Abstracts. University of Michigan Press, Structure and Writing Style I. Types of Abstracts To begin, you need to determine which type of abstract you should include with your paper.
There are four general types. The researcher evaluates the paper and often compares it with other works on the same subject. Critical abstracts are generally words in length due to the additional interpretive commentary. These types of abstracts are used infrequently. Descriptive Abstract A descriptive abstract indicates the type of information found in the work.
It makes no judgments about the work, nor does it provide results or conclusions of the research.
Should students be allowed to have phones in elementary and high dxample Should students have to wear uniforms. Should college athletes be paid for playing. Should the elderly receive free bus rides. Should state colleges be free to attend. Example of a persuasive research paper all American citizens have to complete a year of community service.
Should students be required to take Spanish classes. Should marijuana be legal for medicinal purposes. Should the driving age be raised to twenty-one. Should students be paid for having good grades. Should illegal immigrants be allowed to get drivers licenses. Should not wearing a seat-belt be illegal. Should students have to pass a basic skills test to graduate high school. Should schools raise money by selling candy and sugary soft drinks to students.
Should schools serve french-fries and fried potato products to students at lunch. Should girls be allowed to play on boys sports teams.
Acknowledgements Definition The limitations of the study are those characteristics of design or methodology that impacted or influenced the interpretation of the findings from your research. Always acknowledge a study's limitations. Keep research paper question examples of a repeated mind that acknowledgement of a study's limitations is an opportunity to make suggestions for further research. If you do connect your study's limitations to suggestions for further research, be sure to explain the ways in which these unanswered questions may become more focused because of your study.
Acknowledgement of a study's limitations also provides you with an opportunity to demonstrate that you have thought critically about the research problem, understood the relevant literature published about it, and correctly assessed the methods chosen for studying the problem. A key objective of the research process is not only discovering new knowledge but to also confront assumptions and explore what we don't know.
Claiming limitations is a subjective process because you must evaluate the impact of those limitations. Don't just list key weaknesses and the magnitude of a study's limitations. To do so diminishes the validity of your research because it leaves the reader wondering whether, or in what ways, limitation s in your study may have impacted the results and conclusions. Limitations require a critical, overall appraisal and interpretation of their impact. You should answer the question: How to Structure the Research Limitations Section of Your Dissertation. Descriptions of Possible Limitations All studies have limitations.
However, it is important that you restrict your discussion to limitations related to the research problem under investigation. For example, if a meta-analysis of existing literature is not a stated purpose of your research, it should not be discussed as a limitation. Do not apologize for not addressing issues that you did not promise to investigate in the introduction of your paper.
Writing a Literature Review for a Link Paper Writing a literature review seems to be a bit more difficult than first imagined by students. Part of this may be due to the writing experience that students bring with them to the project. What types of papers have you written before. Have you ever tried to synthesize the literature both theoretical and empirical regarding some subject before. Basic tools for writing are the same such as style but the goal of a literature review in a research paper is somewhat different from other types of writing.
The goal is to bring together what is "known" to sociologists about your research topic in a way that sets up the "need" for your specific research. You will be looking for unanswered questions, or gaps in the just click for source. You might want to test established ideas on new populations or test a theory using variables measured in different ways. But you need to always keep in mind the following question: One is to collect information on your topic. The other is writing the literature review. You've probably been to the library and looked up sociology journals by now.
You've most likely had several courses in general sociology and in specialized courses. Maybe you've even had a course in theory. So you have access to a wealth of information. But how do you go through it and make sense of it "one the whole. Below are a set of questions that may help you synthesize the information in a way that will help you write the literature review. These questions are only a guide-some suggestions of issues to keep in mind as you read the texts you've accumulated.
You will not need to address ALL of these questions in your literature review. What is your dependent variable or topic of interest.