Print Key Info As you do your research, follow your background research plan and take notes from your sources of information. Scidnce notes will help you write a better summary. The purpose of your research paper is to give you the information to understand why your experiment turns out the way it does. The research paper should include: The history of similar experiments or inventions Definitions of all important words and concepts that describe your experiment Answers to all your background research plan questions Mathematical formulas, if any, that you will need to describe the results of your experiment For every fact or picture in your research paper you should follow it with a citation telling the reader where you found the information.
A citation is just the name of the author and the date of the publication placed in parentheses like this: Exaample is called a reference citation when using APA format and parenthetical reference when using the MLA format. Its purpose is to document a source briefly, clearly, and accurately. If you copy text from one of your sources, then place it in quotation marks in addition to following it with a example of a science fair research paper.
Be sure you understand and avoid plagiarism. Do not copy another person's work and call it your own. Always give credit where credit is due. Most teachers want a research paper to have these sections, in order: Title page with the title of your project, your name, and the date Your report Bibliography Check with eample teacher for additional og such as page numbers and a table of contents Overview Year after year, students find that the report called the research paper is the part of the science fair project where they learn the most.
So, take it from those who preceded you, the research paper you are preparing to write is super valuable. What Is a Research Paper. The short answer is that the research paper is a report summarizing the answers to the research questions you generated in your background research plan.
It's a review of the relevant publications books, magazines, websites discussing the topic you want to investigate. The long answer is that the research paper summarizes the theory behind your experiment. Csience fair judges like to see that you understand why your experiment turns out the way it does. You do library and Internet research so that you can make a prediction of what will occur in your experiment, and then whether that prediction is scieence or wrong, you will have the knowledge to understand what caused the behavior you observed.
Teacher ENG 5 July Critiquing nursing research Through the Nursing and Midwifery Council NMC code of professional conduct NMC, nurses supply high standards of care go here patients and clients. One code nurses adhere to is clause 6 which pronounces nurses must maintain professional knowledge and competence, have a responsibility to deliver pqper based on current evidence, best practice and validated research NMC, This was selected because of the publicity that surrounds hospital acquired infection Barrett, TitleThe framework suggests the title should be concise, informative, clearly specify the content and indicate the research approach.
The title of the paper is concise; however it gives no reserach of content or research subject. This may indicate that the authors have not used a standard format which Benton states reports should follow; nevertheless the title captured more info imagination of the reader reswarch warrants further reading. The qualifications and experiences of the authors are not documented. This could indicate the authors have no relevant qualifications exapmle experiences in this field. However further reading identifies where the authors work which could be relevant to their subject, although there is no indication of their occupation.
AbstractThe framework states an abstract should be included, should identify the research problem, state the hypotheses, outline the methodology, give details of the sample subjects and report major findings. The abstract is included and is outlined which makes it distinctive and captures the attention. Burns and Grove states this helps to influence the reader to read the remainder of the report.
Additionally a distinctive abstract is beneficial for a rapid summary Parahoo, The search question is included and is noticed immediately on the first line. Also incorporated are the methodology, sample subjects and major findings. Yet they do not state the hypothesis. The abstract is clear and precise which gives the reader belief in the capability of the researches.
IntroductionThe framework wnalysis the introduction should clearly identify the problem, include a rationale and state any limitations. The problem is identifiable and the rational is included, nevertheless the reader would have liked to see these presented earlier in the xnalysis. Literature reviewThe, framework indicates the literature review should be current, identify the underlying theoretical framework, produce a balanced evaluation of material and to look for absent references.
Although the reference from is outdated it is reasonable the authors included it since it is the only research paper found on their particular subject. However this causes the reader to speculate the reason this subject was studied. However it is wondered if other researches believed case notes were irrelevant compared to other objects in the hospital or if this is ground breaking research.
Check out public and university libraries, businesses, government agencies, as well as contact knowledgeable people in outlinse community. Bookmark your favorite Internet sites. Printout, photocopy, and take notes of relevant information. As you gather your resources, jot down full bibliographical information author, title, place of publication, publisher, date of publication, page numbers, URLs, creation or modification dates on Web pages, and your date of access on your work sheet, printout, or enter the information on your laptop or desktop computer for later retrieval.
If printing from the Internet, it is wise to set up the browser to print the URL and date of access for every page. Remember outllines an article without bibliographical information is useless since you cannot cite its source. STATE YOUR THESIS Do some critical thinking and write your thesis statement down in one sentence.
Your thesis statement is like a declaration of your belief. The main portion of your essay will consist of arguments to support and defend this belief. MAKE A TENTATIVE OUTLINE All points must relate to the same major topic that you first mentioned in your capital Roman numeral. Example of an outline: BODY - Shakespeare's Early Life, Marriage, Works, Later Years A. Early life in Stratford 1. Life of Anne Hathaway b. Reference in Shakespeare's Poems B. Romeo and Juliet b. Much Ado About Nothing c. Shakespeare's Later Years 1.
Last two plays 2. Retired to Stratford a. Epitaph on his tombstone Outlimes.
Agatucci Research Proposal RESEARCH PROPOSAL I. Research Topic, Projected Value, Documentation Style A. The research topic I have chosen is the Japanese-American internment in concentration camps during World War II. I am currently taking a United States History class with Nancy Zens, and a research paper is required for that class. The only requirement for paper is that its topic is in the era between the Civil War and I have chosen to write about the Japanese-American internment, which occurred in the s, because it interests me.
In ninth grade I was in a humanities literature class and we read a work by a woman who was in a concentration camp as a young girl in California. I was ultimately shocked that the United States could do such a thing - I was also upset that in all of the nine years I had been in school I had heard NOTHING about it - as if it was on its way to removal from United States history.
So, I did a small research paper on the internment my junior year in high school. I feel it is very important for all Americans to know about what our "free" country did and why it was done. I think there is no reason at all to forget about this tremendous mistake our country made. I am sure that there are many people who have never heard about the Japanese-Americans' internment, and it is valuable and important to know about it and learn from it.
I hope to learn more about why and how a free country DID in fact imprison people - and why it did so while trying to stop another country Germany from interning people in concentration camps as well as for doing other things. This topic is appropriate for Writing because it is informative to me and my readers.
I have previously researched about this topic, but I would like to perform more in-depth, quality, college-level research and learn more about the complete situation. I feel that this will be a challenge and I will learn a wealth of information. Also, there is a wealth of information for and against the Japanese-American internment. Therefore, I can do an in-depth research of the topic using many kinds of sources, and draw logical conclusions as well as fulfill the requirements satisfactorily for this course.
The documentation system I have chosen is Chicago-Humanities. My topic's subject matter is history, and historical research papers are usually written with Chicago-Humanities documentation system. I have never used this system, and so I look forward to learning and applying this style. Nancy Zens was not particular as to which system to use. Leading Research Question and Hypothesis A.
The leading research Question that I propose to pursue is: Was it the correct solution to the problem. My working hypothesis I propose is that the Japanese-American internment during World War II was a result of bad decisions based upon prejudices and was a major mistake for the United States - it accomplished nothing. What do I need to find out through research.
Greek organizations and rituals of hazing Statistics of death or injury due to Hazing High Schools and Hazing What happened during the Salem witch trials. How did trains and railroads change life in America. What may have occurred during the Roswell UFO incident of . Gkod Olympic events were practiced in ancient Greece. How did Researdh come to power in Egypt. What did she accomplish during her reign. What are the origins of the resezrch in Darfur. How was the assassination of Abraham Lincoln plotted and executed. How did Cold War tension affect the US and the world. What happened to the lost settlers at Roanoke.
How did Julius Caesar affect Rome. How did the Freedom Riders change society. What was the code of the Bushido and how did it affect samurai warriors. How did Joan of Arc change history. What dangers and hardships did Lewis and Clark eesearch when exploring the Midwest. How are the Great Depression and the Great Recession similar and different. What was the Manhattan Project and what impact did it have on the world. Why did Marin Luther protest against the Catholic Church. How did the Roman Empire fall.
How did the black plague affect Europe. How did Genghis Khan conquer Persia. How did journalists influence US war here in Vietnam. Who is Vlad the Impaler and what is his connection to Count Dracula. Who was a greater inventor, Leonardo di Vinci or Thomas Edison.
Footnotes are used in some books and research work, particularly work published in the social sciences discipline. Footnotes are intended to provide readers with further information or to share copyright permission information. A few footnote usage rules: Footnotes are numbered consecutively throughout the research paper, not rebeginning the numbering on each page. Each quotation requires a footnote. Footnotes are always double-spaced. Footnotes are referenced using a superscript number. While AP style discourages the use of footnotes in most circumstances, footnotes are used in the Chicago Manual of Style CMS.
Footnotes in Research Footnotes can be found on the bottom of the same page as the original quote to which it is referring, or at the end of the paper or book entirely, after the page of References. Entire citations are not necessary in footnotes; instead, the footnote should merely refer to the name of the publication and date as listed on the reference page.
If a copyright permission footnote is added, the original letter regarding copyright permission must be attached to the paper. Footnote Format Examples Sample Footnote 1 Text within the research paper: Sample Footnote 2 Text within the research paper: A variety of research suggests that developing basic literacy skills in early childhood can contribute to greater success in acquiring strong comprehension skills later in school.
Sample Footnote 3 Text within the research paper: While it is generally assumed that all large dogs are in need of copious amounts of exercise that would prevent them from being suitable pets for smaller residences, recent research has suggested this is a fallacy. Sample Footnote 4 Text within the research paper: In many states, malpractice lawsuit filings have limitations that may prevent the injured from pursuing the route necessary to receive compensation for injuries due to negligence by doctors, nurses, or other hospital staff.
Sample Footnote 5 Text within the research paper: While most candy and sweet treats are believed to have a negative effect on those with, or susceptible to getting, diabetes, more research is supporting the idea that chocolate, when consumed in moderation, can have positive effects on the body.
Sample Footnote 6 Text within the research paper: The development of aptitude with technology in young children should not overshadow the necessity of play which is crucial to building important gross and fine motor skills in early childhood. Sample Footnote 7 Text within the research paper: Interstitial cystitis is a condition that can cause pain and embarrassment for women of any age, and affects many aspects of her life.
A Study of The Message and Medium. Tolkien and Peter Jackson. Throughout the ages, the communication of Christian truth has been the domain of preachers and poets, musicians and theologians, authors and dramatists, each seeking means by which to engage others in the truth that has captivated and transformed their lives. From direct proposition to allegorical representation, such effective communicators as Dwight L. Lewis have confronted their culture with Christian truth in response to Jesus' command to "go and make disciples". Tolkien employed myth as his vehicle of expression, creating The Lord of the Rings LOTR with no overt religious symbol or act, yet weaving his Roman Catholic Christian worldview into the very fabric of his characters and their journeys.
Tolkien described his work as a "fundamentally religious and Catholic work, unconsciously at first, but consciously in the revision, with religious element absorbed into the story. Tolkien's fantasy of Middle Earth and her people has captured the heart and mind of generations since its publication inoffering glimpses into the truth that defined Tolkien's life and worldview. This 20th- century work found new expression and an even broader audience in Peter Jackson's 21 st century cinematic interpretation LOTR.
Together, Tolkien's myth and Jackson's cinematic portrayal of that myth have successfully captured the attention of the emerging generation. A study of both narrative and cinematic mediums along with the clarity of the message conveyed will allow an opportunity to consider the larger question of what medium and what message impacts the emerging post-modern generation. This dissertation will explore the effectiveness of Tolkien's myth and Jackson's cinematic interpretation of that myth in communicating truth, seeking insights into effective means of the communication of Christian truth in a post-Christian culture.
The key idea of the first paragraph is abandoned until the end of the second, making a weak transition and leaving no room to argue for and develop the better idea at the end about Christian tactics in a post-Christian world. Crises in English Studies and the Nontenured PhD. City U of New York, This dissertation addresses contemporary nontenured PhDs in English, who face a number of disciplinary crises: This confluence of crises makes competition for fewer jobs fiercer and begs the question of what the backlog of nontenured English PhDs will produce as scholarship, and how and why they will do this.
The growing number of individuals in this position is just as qualified as their tenured colleagues are to do legitimate scholarship, but if tenure is not likely or not possible for them, then their motivation and means to do scholarship may likely be quite different. So, then, might their methods be different. U of Maryland, Traditionally, underrepresented minority students i. In addition, many students receive inadequate family and financial support because their parents lack college education.
Horizontal rules signify the top and bottom edges of pages. For sample references which are not included with this paper, you should consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 4th Edition. This paper is provided only to give you an idea of what a research paper might look like. You are not allowed to copy any of the text of this paper in writing your own report. Because word processor copies of papers don't translate well into web pages, you should note that an actual paper should be formatted according to the formatting rules for your context.
Note especially that there are three formatting rules you will see in this sample paper which you should NOT follow. First, except for the title page, the running header should appear in the upper right corner of every page with the page number below it. Second, paragraphs and text should be double spaced and the start of each paragraph should be indented.
Third, horizontal lines are used to indicate a mandatory page break and should not be used in your paper. The Effects of a Supported Employment Program on Psychosocial Indicators for Persons with Severe Mental Illness William M. The SE program involves extended individualized supported employment for clients through a Mobile Job Support Worker MJSW who maintains contact with the client after job placement and supports the client in a variety of ways.
The resulting cases were randomly assigned to either the SE condition treatment group or the method section of a research paper example protocol control group which consisted of life skills training and employment in an in-house sheltered workshop setting. All participants were measured at intake and at 3 months after beginning employment, on two measures of psychological functioning the BPRS and GAS and two measures of self esteem RSE and ESE. Significant treatment effects were found on all four measures, but they were in the opposite direction from what was hypothesized.
Instead of functioning better and having more self esteem, persons in SE had lower functioning levels and lower self esteem. The most likely explanation is that people who work in low-paying service jobs in real world settings generally do not like them and experience significant job stress, whether they have severe mental illness or not.