Example of outline of a research paper
You may find opportunities to combine or eliminate potential paragraphs when outlining—first drafts often contain repetitive ideas or sections that stall, outlind than advance, the paper's central argument. Additionally, if you are having trouble revising a paper, making an outline of each paragraph and its topic sentence after you have written your paper can be an effective way of identifying a paper's strengths and weaknesses. Example Outline The following outline is for a page paper discussing the link between educational attainment and health.
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Review the other sections of this page for more detailed information about each component of this outline! Educational attainment rates are decreasing in the United States while healthcare costs are increasing. Unskilled or low-skilled adult workers C.
Because of their income deficit cite sources and general susceptibility to depression cite sourcesstudents who drop out of high school before graduation maintain a pzper risk for physical and mental health problems later in life. Unskilled laborers in the past were frequently unionized and adequately compensated for their work cite sources.
Unskilled laborers in the past were often provided adequate healthcare and benefits cite sources. Current Link between Education and Employment Type: Increasingly, uneducated workers work in unskilled or low-skilled jobs cite sources. Gaps in the Research: Conditions of employment affect workers' physical health. Unskilled work environments are correlated highly with worker injury cite sources. Unskilled work environments rarely provide healthcare or adequate injury recovery time cite sources. Conditions of employment affect workers' mental health A.
Employment in a low-skilled position is highly correlated with dangerous levels of stress cite sources. Stress is highly correlated with mental health issues cite sources. Mental health problems and physical health problems are highly click cite sources.
Stress manifests itself in physical form cite sources VI. People with more financial worries have outilne stress and worse physical health. Many high-school dropouts face financial problems cite sources.
Students who drop out of high school are at a higher risk for both mental and physical health problems example of outline of a research paper their lives. Society needs educational advocates; educators need to be aware of this situation and strive for student retention in order to promote healthy lifestyles and warn students of the risks associated with dropping out of school. An introduction should begin with discussion of your specific topic not a broad background overview and provide just enough context definitions of key terms, for example to prepare your readers for your thesis or purpose statement.
If the topic of your paper is the link between educational attainment and health, your introduction might do the following: The introduction prepares your reader for this statement, and the rest of the paper follows example of outline of a research paper support of it.
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Because of their income deficit Smith, and general susceptibility to depression Jones,students who drop out of high school before graduation maintain a higher risk for physical and mental health problems later sxample life. Background After the initial introduction, background on your topic often follows.
This paragraph or section might include a s review surveying the current state of knowledge on your topic or simply a historical overview of relevant information.
Place yourself in the background, Revise and rewrite, Avoid fancy words, Be clear, Do not inject opinion, Do not take shortcuts at the cost of clarity, Additionally, if you are having trouble revising a paper, making an outline of each paragraph and its topic sentence after you have written your paper can be an effective way of identifying a paper's strengths and weaknesses. Make the first outline tentative. Piles of trash example of outline of a research paper by climbing expeditions Economic Effects Expedition fees provide income for the country Expeditions provide work for the Sherpas, contributing to the local economy. Concluding statement The purpose of an outline is to help you think through your topic carefully and organize it logically before you start writing. One method may be to mark pqper a different color ink or use a hi-liter to identify sections in your outline, e.
The purpose of this section is to click your own project or paper by pointing out a gap in the current research which your work will address. A background section on a paper on education and health might include an rfsearch of recent research in this area, such as research on depression or or decreasing high school graduation rates. Major points build on each other, moving the click forward and toward its conclusion.
Each major point should be a clear claim that relates to the central argument of your paper. Employment and physical health may resdarch a good first major point for this sample paper.
Here, a student might discuss how dropping out of click school often leads to fewer employment opportunities, and those employment opportunities that are available tend to be correlated with poor work environments and low pay. Minor points are subtopics within your major points.
More Major and Minor Points: One method may be to mark with a different color ink or use a hi-liter to identify sections in your outline, e. Explain why you have come to this particular conclusion. Take a notebook and write down different ideas to make an interesting, yet professional introduction.
Minor points develop paaper nuances of your major points but may not be significant enough to warrant extended attention on their own. These may come outine the form of statistics, examples from your sources, or supporting ideas. A sample minor point of the example of outline of a research paper major point employment and physical health might address worker injury or the frequent lack of health insurance benefits offered by low-paying employers. The rest rexearch the body of your example of outline of a research paper will be made up of more major and minor points. Each major point should advance the paper's central argument, often building on the previous points, until you have provided enough evidence and analysis to justify your paper's conclusion.
More Major and Minor Points: In this paper, more major points might include mental health of high school dropouts, healthcare access for dropouts, and correlation between mental and physical health. Minor topics could include specific work environments, job satisfaction in exampld fields, and correlation between depression and chronic illness.
Exampke Your conclusion both restates your paper's major claim and ties that claim into a larger discussion. Rather than simply reiterating each major and minor point, quickly revisit your thesis statement and focus on ending the paper by tying your thesis into current research in your field, next steps for other researchers, your broader studies, or other future implications. For this paper, a conclusion might restate the central argument the link between lack of education and example of outline of a research paper issues and go on to connect that discussion to a larger discussion of the U.
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