Example of a quantitative research paper
I therefore decided to also develop a format for a quantitative research article. What quantitatve the different example of a quantitative research paper included in a scientific article? Note that journals might have their own requirements, but you can use this as a general guideline: Title page, Abstract, Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgements, References and Appendices.
The title page includes a title example of a quantitative research paper reesearch article that describes the content or the main result of the paper, when it was conducted and where. The better the title, the easier it is for those interested in your study to find it. This page also includes the authors names, institutional affiliations and details for correspondence.
The abstract should summarize the major aspects of the entire article, but you can only use a limited number of words in general Guideline is to use sentences per section of the paper introduction, methods, results, discussionalthough the results often require some more lines. So from the Introduction you take the question s you investigated or purpose of the study.
The basic design and methods used are taken from the next section. The major findings that answer the question s are taken from the Results section.
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And finally, your conclusion based ecample the results and implications are taken from the Discussion. Most readers will decide based on the abstract "example of a quantitative research paper" they will quantktative the full text. Although this is one of the first sections of the article, it is the last to be written. Note that you should not include any references in the abstract. The Introduction should contain the following sections: If you have written a research proposal for the study, read article are all things that you have written down before.
However, it should be much more concise in an article, and furthermore, new literature might have been published during the time you were doing your study so include these here. This section goes from general what is reported in the literature, what is done in practice to more specific your study. Quantitaitve problem statement is a concise description of the nature of the problem the discrepancy between what is and what should be and of the size, distribution and severity of the problem who is affected, where, since when, and resexrch or the consequences.
Use a literature review original research papers and review articles to provide this context. Go from general to specific e. If you are doing a study on adherence to HIV treatment in South Africa, start with some information on the HIV epidemic, then the treatment options and lastly the issues with adherence. And within these sections start with global evidence, then Africa, then South Africa.
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Note that extensive descriptions of studies with the same objective will be included in the Discussion section. A brief description of any solutions to the problem that have been tried in the past should be given, how well they have worked, and why further research is needed.
Again, use literature to support this. The significance of the study is a description of the type of information expected to result from the project and a clarification of how this information will be used to help solve the problem contribution to existing knowledge. And finally, you have a general objective general aim or purpose of the study which is derived from the research topic and specific objectives which are based on your general objective. The Results section will be guided by these objectives. Note that the study itself can have more objectives, but you only mention those that will be answered in this article.
The Methods section contains the following items: Sometimes you can refer to other articles published on the same larger study. Then you can limited yourself here to the essentials for the objectives covered in this article. And again, this should esample have been included in your proposal, although changes might have occurred when executing the study.
The study design is often explained in one sentence e. Then you continue to describe the study setting e. In case an intervention study is conducted, you need to add a section in which you describe the interventions that the treatment and control groups received. Describe the instrument s used for data collection e. Example of a quantitative research paper you used a adaptation of a standard tool, you can refer to an article in which it is described.
In case you developed a tool yourself, you can possibly include it as an appendix. For intervention studies you should mention whether blinding has been applied for caregivers, participants, outcome assessors. Describe who collected the data and when. The data analysis section should cover how you analysed your primary and secondary outcomes: Quzntitative will end this section with a line on ethics; has the study been approved by an ethics committee provide the number ; has written informed consent been given by participants.
The function of the Results section is to objectively and concisely present key results, without any interpretation that you will do in the Discussion. Note that intervention studies often have a Table 1 describing the characteristics of the participants in the groups that are compared. Then add text to highlight one or two findings e.
- We know that as your N in a crosstab table increases that smaller differences are more likely to be considered statistically significant.
- Study measures We used short durations to elicit appropriate recalls of condom-seeking behaviors for study participants because prior research has established that such contexts may be appropriate for accurate recall of risky behaviors and to permit detection of relatively infrequent sexual-related behaviors.
- DiClemente RJ, Lodico M, Grinstead OA, et al.
Avoid quantitatkve all "example of a quantitative research paper" information that is displayed in the tables and figures. If you report your results, mention also the statistical test and the number on which the test has been done. Don't avoid reporting negative results as these are also important. You must not feel obliged to report on all the results of your study in one article. If you have to many results you want to share that belong to different objectives, you can write multiple articles. Most journals now also accept online appendices with additional more detailed tables, extra figures, even datasets.
In the last Discussion section of the article, and often the most difficult one to write, you give an answer to the objectives of the study summarize. Then you interpret the most important results, including any unexpected findings; what do these results mean? Here you also compare the results with other studies done on the topic. Make sure you provide sufficient information on these studies e. In this section you also highlight the limitations of your study, and possible consequences thereof.
But also don't forget to mention quantitativ strengths of your study. You end with a paragraph on what the implications of your results are and what the way forward is for research, practice and policy. You often end with one concluding sentence Read article conclusion, Note that you must not present any new results here these should go into the Results section.
And contrary to the introduction, you researcn in this section from specific your study to general practice, policy, future research. In the Acknowledgments you name persons that are not example of a quantitative research paper author but which assisted you when conducting the research, writing up the article etc.
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Here you mention also sources of funding that supported the research. The format of your references quwntitative often prescribed by the journal you submit your article to. Therefore it is very helpful if you insert your references using a referencing programme e. Endnote, Reference Manager as then you can easily adapt the format to the paer requirements. Appendices contain information that is not essential for understanding the paper, but that e. An appendix is an optional part of the paper, and more and more used for online publications.
Examples of what might quantihative put in an appendix are: And again, please note that quangitative above is only a suggested format, based on existing literature. Note that there are also reporting guidelines for different study designs: CONSORT statement ov intervention studies example of a quantitative research paper Strobe qantitative for observational studies.
If the journal has different requirements, you wxample adhere to those. In general, limited the number of words, but say reseafch you need to say.
The study also showed that mothers who are married and living with their partners are more likely to breastfeed their infants than single mothers. This will provide detailed information about the methodology used. The format of your references is often prescribed by the journal you submit your article to. In particular, you are interested in what has been written concerning any relationship between your dependent variable and your independent variables. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The survey was administered on an individualized, i. Finally, the study protocols, implementation procedures, and all relevant approvals and clearances from the collaborating organization, including the community centers were approved by the Institutional Review Board IRB of the Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation PIRE example of a quantitative research paper the ethical protection of human subjects prior to the commencement of this research study.
I want to end this article with some suggestions on the actual process of writing: Start here an outline subheadings, paragraphs, key words on what is covered. Then finalize article for internal review supervisor sco-authorsrevise according to comments, and send out for a second or final internal review.
- This will provide detailed information about the methodology used.
- You often end with one concluding sentence In conclusion,
- Condom-carrying behaviors African American males perceived an inverse relationship between condom-carrying behaviors and sexual encounters.
Finalize your journal choice and adapt the article according to requirements. When that is exampls submit your article to the journal and hold thumbs that they accept your contribution!