Example of a apa style research paper
View in PDF Format An APA-style paper includes the following sections: General formatting check this out are as follows: Do not put page breaks apw between the introduction, method, results, and discussion sections. The title page, abstract, references, table sand exampld s should be on their own pages. Title page see sample on p. On the title page, the header should include the following: THE RUNNING HEAD SHOULD BE IN ALL CAPITAL LETTERS. The running head is a short title that appears at the top of pages of published articles.
It should not exceed 50 characters, including punctuation stule spacing. If you make a section break between the title page and the rest of the paper you can make the header different for those two parts of the manuscript. Flush right, on same line: Use the toolbox to insert a page number, so it will automatically number each page. Abstract No more than words, one paragraph, block format i. State topic, preferably in one sentence. The introduction starts out broad but not too broad! Try to draw your reader in by saying something interesting or thought-provoking right off the bat. Which ones captured your attention right away?
How did the authors accomplish this fxample See if you can use articles you liked as a model. One way to begin but pqper the only way is to provide an example or anecdote illustrative of your topic area. Your intro should be a logical flow of ideas that leads up to your hypothesis. Exsmple to organize it in terms of the ideas rather than who did what when. Then Gurglehoff did something-or-other in Next, decide which ideas make sense to present first, second, third, and so forth, and think about how example of a apa style research paper want to transition between ideas.
The introduction will end with a brief overview of your study and, finally, your specific hypotheses. This hypothesis makes complete sense, given all the other research that was presented. Certainly you want to summarize briefly key articles, though, and point out differences in methods or findings of relevant studies when necessary. DO NOT quote from the articles, instead paraphrase by putting the information in your own words.
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- Your intro should be a logical flow of ideas that leads up to your hypothesis.
- The running head is a short title that appears at the top of pages of published articles.
Be careful about citing your sources see APA manual. Fxample that your audience is the broader scientific community, not the other students in your class or your professor. Therefore, you should assume they have a basic understanding of psychology, but you need to provide them reseach the complete information necessary for them to understand the research you are presenting. Note that in some studies e. Remember to write numbers out when they begin a sentence. How were the participants recruited? Were they compensated for their time in any way?
The best paper apa research example style a of means that
Combine information into a longer sentence when possible. Materials labeled, flush left, bold Carefully describe any stimuli, questionnaires, and so forth. If you included a questionnaire, you should describe it in detail. Provide a sample item or two for your reader. If you have created a new instrument, you should attach it as an Appendix. Use subheadings to separate different types of stimuli if needed. Procedure labeled, flush left, papet What did participants do, and in what order?
When you list a control variable e. In other words, what nuisance variable learn more here you controlling for? Your procedure should be as brief and concise as possible. Did you repeat yourself anywhere? If so, how can you rearrange things to avoid redundancy?
Results labeled, centered, bold In this section, describe how you analyzed the data and what you found. Include a section for descriptive statistics List what type of analysis or test you conducted to test sthle hypothesis. Refer to your Statistics textbook for the proper way to report results in APA style. A t-test, for example, is reported in the following format: For a one-way ANOVA: Remember that if a finding has a p value than.
For t- tests and ANOVAs, report eta2. Report exact p values to two or lf decimal places e. However, for pvalues less than. Following the presentation of all the statistics and numbers, be sure to state the nature of ressearch finding s in words and whether or not they support your hypothesis e. This information can typically be presented wtyle a sentence or two following the numbers within the same example of a apa style research paper.
Try to avoid using secondary sources in your papers; in other words, try to find the primary source and read it before citing it in your own work. The introduction will end with a brief overview of your study and, finally, your specific hypotheses. On the following line, write a summary of the key points of your research. The institutional affiliation is the location where the author conducted the research Sample Title page: THE RUNNING HEAD SHOULD BE IN ALL CAPITAL LETTERS. How do your findings tie into the existing literature on the topic, or extend previous research? End on a positive note by reminding your reader why your study was important and what it added to the literature. It may be useful to source a table or exa,ple to represent your results visually.
Also, be sure to include the relevant means and SDs. It may be useful to include a table or figure to represent your results visually. Be sure to refer to these in your paper e. Remember that you may present a set example of a apa style research paper findings either as a table or as a figure, but not as both. For instance, if you present a table of means and standard deviations, appa do not need to also report these in the text.
However, if you use a figure to represent your results, you rssearch wish to report means and standard deviations in the text, as these may not always be precisely ascertained by examining the figure. Do describe the trends shown in the figure. Do not reserch any time interpreting or explaining the results; save that for the Discussion section. Some points to consider: Begin with a brief restatement of your main findings using words, not numbers.
Did reseafch support the hypothesis or not? If not, why not, do you think? Were there any surprising or interesting findings? How do your findings tie into the existing literature on the topic, or extend previous research? What do the results say about the broader behavior under investigation? If sthle have surprising findings, you might discuss other theories that can help to explain the findings.
Begin with the example of a apa style research paper that your results are valid, and explain why they might differ from others in the literature. What are the limitations of the study? Perhaps these could be incorporated into the future research section, below. What additional questions were generated from this apq What further research should be conducted importance of value based education essay the topic?
What gaps are there in the current body of research? Whenever you present an idea for a future research study, be od to explain why you think that particular study should be conducted.
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What new knowledge would be gained from it? How do these results relate to larger issues of human thoughts, feelings, and behavior? Be sure to sum up your paper with a final concluding statement. End on a positive note by reminding your reader why your study was important and what it added to the literature. References labeled, centered, not bold Provide an alphabetical listing of the references alphabetize by last name of first author. See the APA manual for how to format references correctly. Examples of references to journal articles start on p.
Digital object identifiers DOIs are now included for electronic sources see pp. If the journal name had multiple words, each of the major words would exampke capitalized. Psychological Assessment, 21, Worth Table There are various formats for this web page, depending upon the information you wish to include. See the APA manual. Tables can be single or double-spaced.
Figure If you have example of a apa style research paper than one figure, example of a apa style research paper one gets its own page. Underneath the figure provide a label and brief caption e. Include error bars in your bar graphs, and note what the bars represent in the figure caption: In-Text Citations see pp. When including the citation as part of the sentence, use AND: